925 West Georgia Street, Suite 1600
Vancouver, BC, V6C 3L2

+1 604 631 9119

Litigation Star


British Columbia

Practice area:


Keith advises private sector, public sector and government clients on Indigenous law and regulatory matters. He has appeared as counsel before numerous regulatory tribunals and all levels of Superior and Appellate Courts (both Federal and Provincial), including the Supreme Court of Canada. He has acted for clients in a number of natural resource industries including hydro-electric generation and transmission, oil and gas, mining, aquaculture, forestry, transportation and independent power projects. His practice extends throughout Western Canada and the North (Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon).

In the area of Indigenous law, Keith advises governments, Crown corporations and private sector clients in litigation regarding Aboriginal rights (including Aboriginal title) and on the extent of the duty to consult and, if necessary, accommodate, in respect of potential adverse effects to Indigenous rights or title by major industrial projects. He advises on the development of consultation programs and has negotiated several dozen impact-benefit agreements with First Nations. Keith acts as hearing counsel for proponents seeking regulatory permits and approvals. 

In regulatory/energy law, Keith acts as counsel for proponents and users of energy, mining and other natural resource projects. He appears regularly before administrative tribunals, including the Canada Energy Regulator (formerly known as the National Energy Board) and various provincial energy regulators. He also appears as counsel on appeals or applications seeking judicial review of decisions by administrative boards and tribunals.


Keith has been involved in a number of matters before the Supreme Court of Canada, including:

  • Represented the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers as an intervenor in a constitutional reference regarding proposed amendments to create a hazardous substance permit system to regulate the presence of heavy oil in province impacting Trans Mountain pipeline expansion (Reference re Environmental Management Act, 2020 SCC 1.)
  • Represented successful Appellant (BC Hydro) in leading case regarding the Crown’s duty to consult Indigenous people in respect of alleged past infringements (Rio Tinto Alcan Inc. v. Carrier Sekani Tribal Council, 2010 SCC 43; on appeal from the British Columbia Court of Appeal). 
  • Represented Appellant (Government of Yukon) in a case establishing that the government had successfully fulfilled the Crown’s duty to consult Indigenous people in the context of a modern treaty (Beckman v. Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation, 2010 SCC 53; on appeal from the Yukon Court of Appeal). In January 2012, this case was recognized as one of Lexpert’s Top 10 Business Decisions of 2011.


Updated March 2022